Treatment Options Available for People with Bunions

Various types of foot problems may not be life-threatening, but they can cause serious discomfort or pain to the sufferer especially since the foot carries the whole weight of the body when standing up or sitting down. I can still remember having a painful toe in the past and how it caused much pain whenever I walked. I’m sure that many of you have also suffered from other types of foot problems that have caused considerable discomfort or varying pain.

While some types of foot problems are very common, not many people are knowledgeable about how to treat them. I am talking in particular about bunions. Many people suffer from this problem discreetly and without taking any steps to improve their condition for lack of knowledge about this disease. Fortunately, it is not something serious or life-threatening, but it definitely can affect your normal routine.

A bunion is an enlargement of the big toe’s base joint. If it affects the joint of the smallest toe, it is called tailors bunion. The enlargement usually causes inflammation and pain in the joint area. In advanced cases, significant deformation of the toe is also noticeable. The larger the bunion is, the more pain it causes when walking.

Fortunately, there are various treatment options available for bunion sufferers:

Non-Surgical Treatment

  1. Wearing appropriate shoes. For minor cases of bunions, the symptoms associated with them can be easily reduced without medication or surgery. To achieve this, it is important for sufferers to wear the best shoes for bunions, which provide bigger space in the toe area and are more comfortable to wear. High-heeled and pointed shoes must be avoided.
  2. Use of orthotic devices. A doctor who specializes in foot disease, otherwise known as a podiatrist, would be able to assess your condition and determine if you will need orthotic devices such as shoe inserts, bunion pads and arch supports. Orthotic devices are designed to reduce the pressure in the affected toes, thereby reducing the symptoms of bunions.
  3. Anti-inflammatory medicines. These medicines may be useful for relieving inflammation. Over-the-counter pain relievers may also be taken in case of pain.

Surgical Treatment

In case there are no signs of improvement in your condition and your bunion is getting worse to the extent that it already is affecting your normal life, surgical treatment is the last option available. Also known as bunionectomy, surgery for bunion would attempt to realign the affected toe, correct the deformity, and restore the normal functioning of the toes. There are several variations of bunionectomy, and the type of procedure performed on a patient depends on the severity of the bunion, the age of the patient and other factors.

If you have a bunion, you should be proactive about its treatment to avoid unnecessary discomfort and pain. Except for surgery, most of your treatment options are inexpensive. If you are still unsure about whether you have a bunion or not, you could visit a podiatrist to diagnose your condition.